The Present Perfect – Negative form

You will study The Present Perfect Tense in the Negative form.


The Present Perfect – Negative form


Imagen: Parliament Hill in Canada’s capital city, Ottawa.Creative Commons.

Instructions: Read the text and look at the unerlined words.

If you haven’t come to Canada yet, start trying Ottawa first. It is the capital city of the country. It is located at the confluence of the Ottawa, Gatineau and Rideau rivers in southeastern Ontario. As the nation’s capital, Ottawa is home to many financial, comercial and federal establishments including Parliament Hill, the government seat where the ceremonial Changing of the Guard takes place daily during the summer. Running right through the heart of the city, the Rideau Canal is Ottawa’s star attraction. In winter the canal becomes the world’s largest ice skating ring.

10 Best places to visit in Canada. Retrieved and adapted November, 2016 from


Getting started: Quebec

Instructions: Read the text to do the activity suggested.

Quebec City may be the capital of the Quebec province in eastern Canada, but its French heritage, architecture and language make it appear more like a charming European village. Perched on a hill overlooking the St. Lawrence River is Vieux Quebec, the city’s historic district. A walk along the cobblestone streets of the Old City offers encounters with attractions like the Citadel and the Place-Royale, the area where explorer, Samuel de Camplain, established the first North American-French settlement. The city’s icon, the stunning Chateau Frontenac, is regarded as the most photographed hotel in North America and offers tours even without an overnight stay.

10 Best places to visit in Canada. Retrieved November, 2016 from

A French heritage

Instructions: Choose True or False for the following statements

1. Quebec is a French capital.

2. Quebec is a charming European Village.

3. The city is on a hill.

3. The city’s icon is the Chateau Frontenac.

The Present Perfect Tense – Negative form

Let’s study the Present Perfect Tense in the Negative form.

Instructions: Read about The Present Perfect Tense in the Negative form.

Remember: The Present Perfect Tense is used to

  • Express an action that happened at an unspecified time before now, because the exact time is not important.

    Example: I haven’t gone to Canada.

  • Talk about an action that started in the past and hasn’t finished yet.

    Example: Lauren hasn’t lived near Gatineau for many years.

  • Indicate an action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking.

    Example: My best friend hasn’t ever lied to me.

  • Refer an action in the past that has finished recently or has influence on the present.

    Example: My wife hasn’t prepared dinner.

Look at the word order in the Negative form:

Subject Auxiliary Have or Has + Not Verb (Past Participle) Complement.
I have not (haven’t) worked for several Multinational companies.
My best friend has not (hasn’t) studied English for three years.
The cat has not (hasn’t) chased many mice.
The boys have not (haven’t) gone to the football match.

Note: We use short forms when speaking

The short form for have not is.

The short form for has not is hasn’t.


Present Perfect negative sentences

Instructions: Change the following sentences to the negative form.

  1. Canada has been a British colony for many years.

  2. Montreal and Toronto have been the biggest Canadian places for a long time.

  3. Toronto has been the most populous area in Canada since last year.

  4. Canada and the United States have shared the world’s longest defended border.

  5. The country has maintained historical ties to Spain.

  6. Canada has faced some problems with other countries.

  7. Canadian people have spent a lot of money on Space programs.

  8. doneCheck


Correct the mistakes

Instructions: Correct the mistakes in the following negative sentences:

  1. I haven't go to Calgary, Alberta.

  2. A few Canadian people hasn’t traveled abroad.

  3. My family and I haven’t visit any Canadian lakes.

  4. Victoria city has been named after a Sweden queen.

  5. Newfoundland and Labrador haven’t be French territories.

  6. Canadian and British government haven’t present new proposals.

  7. The Constitution of Canada hasn’t have only written texts.

  8. doneCheck

Evaluation: Montreal

Instructions: Complete the paragraph with hasn't or haven't and the appropriate form of the verb in parenthesis.

Montreal  (be) an irrelevant Canadian place. It is the cultural and financial capital of the Quebec province. Boasting the largest French-speaking community outside of Paris, France, Montreal is a bustling metropolis comprised of a downtown district, a historic quarter, entertainment district and several distinctive neighborhoods. Montreal (have) small buildings. Montreal’s main sights include downtown skyscrapers like the Olympic Tower, the historic buildings of Old Montreal and several family attractions like theme and water parks. Montreal (stop) its growing lately. Like many other Canadian cities, Montreal has grown on population, commerce, education, tourism, and much more.

10 Best places to visit in Canada. Retrieved and adapted November, 2016 from