The Present Perfect – Positive form

You will study The Present Perfect Tense.


The Present Perfect – Positive form

Central Park

Imagen: A map of the United States. Creative Commons.,_looking_east,_NYC.jpg

Instructions: Read the text about Central Park.

Central Park is an urban park in middle-upper Manhattan, within New York City. Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States. It is also one of the most filmed locations in the world.

The park was established in 1857 on 778 acres (315 ha) of city-owned land. In 1858, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, a landscape architect and an architect respectively, won a design competition to improve and expand the park with a plan they tittled the “Greensward Plan”. Construction began the same year and the park’s first area was opened to the public in the winter of 1858. Construction continued during American Civil War farther north, and was expanded to its current size of 843 acres in 1873.

Central Park was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962. The Park was managed for decades by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, and is currently managed by the Central Park Conservancy under contract with the municipal government in a public-private partnership. The Conservancy is a non-profit organization that contributes 75 percent of Central Park’s $65 million anual Budget and is responsible for all basic care of the 843-acre park.

Central Park. Retrieved October, 2016 from:

Getting started: Issues

Instructions: Read the text to do the activities suggested.

Central Park was once a very dangerous place, especially after dark, as measured by crime statistics. The park is considerably safer in the 21st century, though during prior periods it was the site of numerous muggings and rapes. Well-publicized incidents of sexual and confiscatory violence, such as the notorious 1989 “Central Park jogger case", dissuaded many from visiting one of Manthattan’s most scenic areas. As crime has declined in the park and in the rest of New York City, many of the negative perceptions have begun to wane. Safety measures hold the number of crimes in the park to fewer than one hundred per year, down from approximately 1,000 in the early 1980s. However, in 2013, the number of crimes temporarily spiked again with six rapes and six burglaries, compared to no rapes and one burglary in 2012.

Permission to hold issue-centered rallies in Central Park, similar to the beginings of the 1960s, has been met with increasingly stiff resistance from the city. During the 2000s and early 2010s, new towers have been constructed or planned for the southern end of Central Park. According to a Municipal Art Society report, such building will cast shadows over the southern end of the park. There has been a little controversy over this.

Central Park. Retrieved October, 2016 from:

Crime statistics

Instructions: Choose true or false for the following statements.

1. Crime has declined in Central Park.

2. Negative perceptions haven't changed.

3. There has been a controversy over new buildings.

Let’s study the Present Perfect Tense in the Positive form.

Instructions: Read about the Present Perfect Tense.

The Present Perfect Tense is used to

  • Express an action that happened at an unspecified time before now, because the exact time is not important.
    Example: I have gone to Canada.
  • Talk about an action that started in the past and hasn’t finished yet.
    Example: Lauren has lived near Central Park for many years.
  • Indicate an action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking.
    Example: My best friend has never lied to me.
  • Refer an action in the past that has finished recently or has influence on the present.
    Example: My wife has prepared dinner.

Look at the word order in the positive form:

Subject Auxiliary Have or Has Verb (Past Participle) Complement.
I have worked for several Multinational companies.
My best friend has studied English for three years.
The cat has chased a lot of mice.
The boys have gone to the football match.

Present Perfect

Instructions: Complete the following sentences with the right form of the verb in parenthesis.

1. I have (live) near Central Park for many years.
2. You have (visit) the same coffee place since we got here.
3. That girl has (drink) two cups of green tea.
4. Her friend has (eat) a tuna sandwich with me many times.
5. We have (go) with them to the zoo.
6. The boys have (skate) on the ice for three hours.
7. They have (play) for hours too.

Sentence correction

Instructions: Correct the following sentences:

1. I have study in this school for a long time.
2. Marilyn have played the guitar for two hours.
3. The boy has work here since last summer.
4. The bird have sing all morning.
5. The girls and I has danced in many festivals.
6. We have save a lot of money to travel next year.
7. They has looked for the present since last week.


The Present Perfect Tense

Instructions: Unscramble the words to make logical sentences.

have walked in Central Park My family and I
have traveled there We by train
has skated there with her family My best friend
many winter festivals in that place There have been
have enjoyed the park American people for a very long time
have given Many Presidents important speeches there
there have been horrendous crimes in the past Unfortunately