Simple Present – Negative form

You will study the Simple Present Tense in the Negative form.


Simple Present – Negative form

Music of the US

Imagen: The United States is home to a wide array of regional styles and scenes. Retrieved October, 2016 from

Instructions: Read the text and look at the underlined words.

The music of the United States does not only come from one place, it reflects the country’s multi-ethnic population through a diverse array of styles. It is a mixture of music influenced by West African, Irish, Scottish, Mexican and Cuban music traditions among others. The country’s most internationally renowned genres are jazz, blues, country, bluegrass, rock, rhythm and ragtime, hip hop, barbershop, pop, experimental, techno, house, dance, boogaloo, salsa, and rock and roll. The United States does not have a small music market, but the world’s largest music with a total retail value of 4,989.3 million dollars in 2014, and its music is heard around the world.

Music of the US. Retrieved and adpted October, 2016 from


Getting started: Musical styles in the USA

Instructions: Read the text and match the sentences.

Many American cities and towns do not depict a lonely scene, but have vibrant music scenes which, in turn, support a number of regional musical styles. Along with musical centers such as Philadelphia, Seattle, Portland, New York City, San Francisco, New Orleans, Detroit, Minneapolis, Chicago, Miami, Atlanta, Nashville, Austin and Los Angeles, many smaller cities such as Asbury Park, New Jersey produce distinctive styles of music. They do not produce a variety of styles alone. The Cajun and Creole traditions in Louisiana music, the folk and popular styles of Hawaiian music, and the bluegrass and old time music of the Southeastern states are a few examples of diversity in American music. Modern day music is heavily influenced by previous and present African-American music genres.

Music of the US. Retrieved and adpted October, 2016 from.

Musical styles

Instructions: Choose the correct answer.

1. Many American cities and towns

2. Many USA states produce

3. The Cajun and Creole traditions are

4. Modern day music has influence from

Simple Present – Negative form

Let’s study the Simple Present in Negative form.

Instructions: Look at the following information about the Simple Present in Negative form.

Remember: We use Common verbs in the Simple Present to talk about every day activities.

We use an auxiliary for the negative form:

Do + not (don’t) is used for I, we, you, they.

Does + not (doesn’t) is used for he, she, it.

Look at the word order:

Subject Auxiliary + not Verb (Simple form) Complement.
I don't like Salsa music.
You don't listen to Classical music
He doesn't play any musical instrument.
She doesn't sing very well.
It doesn't sound well.
We don't dance Rock & Roll.
They don't have a CD player.


Don’t or Doesn’t

Instructions: Fill in the gaps with “don’t” or “doesn’t”.

  1. I sing reggae music.
  2. Herbert play the piano.
  3. Sharon go to concerts.
  4. My best friend and I like all kinds of music.
  5. The boys like dancing.
US music characteristics

Instructions: Fill in the blanks with “don’t” or “doesn’t”.

The music of the United States depict a monotonous sound. It can be characterized by the use of syncopation and asymmetrical rhythms, long, irregular melodies, which are said to "reflect the wide open geography of (the American landscape)" and the "sense of personal freedom characteristic of American life". Some people believe this is possible, but some others believe distinct aspects of American music, like the call-and-response format, are derived from African techniques and instruments.

Music of the US. Retrieved and adpted October, 2016 from.


Social Identity

Instructions: Fill in the gaps with “don’t or “doesn’t”.

Music reflect one aspect of reality, but intertwines with aspects of American social and cultural identity. The relationship between music and race is perhaps the most potent determiner of musical meaning in the United States. The development of an African American musical identity, only disparate sources from Europe, but also from Africa, which has been a constant theme in the music history of the United States. We have a lot of information, but little documentation exists of colonial-era African American music, when styles, songs, and instruments from across West Africa commingled in the melting pot of slavery. African American musical styles became an integral part of American popular music through blues, jazz, rhythm and blues, and then rock and roll, soul, and hip hop; all of these styles were consumed by Americans of all races, but were created in African American styles and idioms before eventually becoming common in performance and consumption across racial lines. In contrast, country music,have just a root, it  derives from both African and European, as well as Native American and Hawaiian, traditions and yet has long been perceived as a form of white music.

Music of the US. Retrieved and adpted October, 2016 from.